Ramp dimensions

The Americans with Disabilities Act ADA provides handicap wheelchair ramp specifications, codes, and handicap access guidelines that most businesses are required to meet. Most residential applications please see our residential or light duty commercial Pathway ADA wheelchair ramps do not need to meet ADA code and ADA guidelines, but they are a good reference point for recommended handicap ramp slope and length.

Most businesses, churches, schools and other organizations must be in compliance with ADA ramp specifications and ADA requirements for handicapped wheelchair ramp access.

Contact your local building inspector for additional ADA compliant ramp information and handicap ramp specs. This guideline is our interpretation. All our ramps are proudly made in the USA.

ramp dimensions

For instance, a 30 inch rise requires a 30 foot handicap wheelchair ramp. ADA Standards Require wheelchair ramps to have a Minimum width of 36 inches of clear space across the wheelchair ramp. California ADA ramp code now requires a minimum 6 foot in the direction of travel platform size.Ramps are essential to allow wheelchair users and other mobility-impaired persons to access different levels of a structure lacking elevators or other lifts. The Americans with Disabilities Act lays out specifications for building wheelchair ramps that define the proper slope and other ramp characteristics.

The ADA specs allow ramps to be built of steel, aluminum, concrete or pressure-treated wood. Ramps must be built strong enough to support the weight of a wheelchair user, his chair and an adult attendant. The slope of a ramp is expressed as a rise-to-run ratio. Rise is the vertical elevation of a ramp; run is the horizontal distance. That means a ramp with a one-foot rise must be at least 12 feet long.

If a person would have trouble handling a slope, the ADA recommends using a shallower slope of one inch of rise to 16 or 20 inches of run. A ramp with a slope with a one-foot rise would be 16 feet long; a ramp with a slope would have to be 20 feet long.

Selecting Dimensions and Capacity for a Yard Ramp

The slope across the width of a ramp cannot exceed one inch per four feet of width. Ramps must have a clear width of at least 36 inches. ADA specifications stipulate that the sloping section of a ramp cannot exceed 30 feet in length with a maximum rise of 30 inches. Each sloping section must have a level landing at the top and bottom.

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The landings must be at least 60 inches long and as wide as the sloping ramp leading to it. If the ramp changes direction at a landing, the landing must be at least 60 inches by 60 inches. The ADA specs require handrails on both sides if a ramp has a rise exceeding six inches or a run exceeding six feet.

Handrails must be mounted between 34 inches and 38 inches above the ramp surface and must be at least one and one-half inches away from the wall. There must be at least 36 inches of clear space between the handrails. Railing ends must be rounded off. The rail cannot rotate within its mountings.

How To Build A Mini Ramp with Danny Way

ADA specs prohibit use of dimensional framing lumber for ramp handrails. The user must be able to grasp underneath the handrail.

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Wheelchair ramps must have edge protection to prevent users from slipping off the ramp. The edge protection can be a curb at least two inches high, vertical railing balusters or a wall or other vertical surface that keeps ramp users on the ramp. Walking surfaces should have a nonslip surface. Herb Kirchhoff has more than three decades of hands-on experience as an avid garden hobbyist and home handyman. Since retiring from the news business inKirchhoff takes care of a acre rural Michigan lakefront property and applies his experience to his vegetable and flower gardens and home repair and renovation projects.

Skip to main content. Home Guides Home Home Improvement Troubleshoot, Fix and Repair Ramps are essential to allow wheelchair users and other mobility-impaired persons to access different levels of a structure lacking elevators or other lifts.

ramp dimensions

Slope The slope of a ramp is expressed as a rise-to-run ratio. Shallower Slope If a person would have trouble handling a slope, the ADA recommends using a shallower slope of one inch of rise to 16 or 20 inches of run. Length and Landings ADA specifications stipulate that the sloping section of a ramp cannot exceed 30 feet in length with a maximum rise of 30 inches. Handrails The ADA specs require handrails on both sides if a ramp has a rise exceeding six inches or a run exceeding six feet.

Dropoff Protection Wheelchair ramps must have edge protection to prevent users from slipping off the ramp. References 3 Mobility Advisor. About the Author Herb Kirchhoff has more than three decades of hands-on experience as an avid garden hobbyist and home handyman. Customer Service Newsroom Contacts.A ramp is comprised of horizontal sloped runs connected by level landings between runs. Any slope greater than and less than along an accessible route shall be considered a ramp that is required to comply with ADA accessibility codes and compliances.

The least possible slope should be used whenever possible. Select an item from the list on the right to compare related dimensions. Ramps are inclined surfaces that join different levels of a space. Commonly used at the entrances of buildings to accommodate level changes, ramps provide building access to wheelchair users. The maximum slope of a ramp is calculated to provide comfortable and easy access to the building.

ramp dimensions

A comprehensive reference database of dimensioned drawings documenting the standard measurements and sizes of the everyday objects and spaces that make up our world. Browse Tags Compare About Categories. X Login.

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Browse Tags Convert About. Humans Animals Plants. Furniture Fixtures Layouts Buildings. Transport Sports Digital Pop Culture. Ramp Slopes. Ramp Slopes 3D Model. Ramp Slopes Common Questions. What is the maximum allowable slope for an ADA accessible ramp? How far can a ramp go without a landing?

What is the minimum slope of a ramp? Any slope greater than and less than along an accessible route shall be considered a ramp that is required to comply with ADA accessibility compliances.The ramp must be wide enough to be safe, sturdy enough to carry the weight of electric wheelchairs and have a slope that's gentle enough for a manual wheelchair user to navigate. Safety is integral, and many different aspects must be considered. The Americans with Disabilities Guidelines dictate how ramps are designed for all public places.

The ADA guidelines recommend a slope ratio of to A ratio is too steep for some people to navigate. These ratios must be followed in all public places. Homeowners aren't required to follow these slope guidelines; however, if you have the space available, there's really no reason not to [source: Access-board ]. Other surface requirements must be met and you will learn about them in more detail in the next section.

Ramps can be constructed from a variety of different materials, though some are better than others. Next, we'll learn which materials are best for what circumstances. To determine the slope of your ramp and how much horizontal space it will require, use the following calculation per the ADA guidelines: Multiply the inches your ramp will rise by the slope ratio you desire, and then divide the sum by 12 to convert the horizontal space you'll need to feet.

That divided by 12 gives you a foot horizontal projection [source: WheelchairRamp ]. How to Extend an Existing Deck. How to Survive a Major Remodel.

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How to Choose the Right Remodeler. Prev NEXT. Wheelchair Ramp Specifications. Minimum ramp width must be 36 inches. Ramps must have edge protection to keep anyone from slipping off. Ramps must have landings at top and bottom that are as wide as the ramp and at least 60 inches long.Ramps are inclined surfaces that join different levels of a space. Commonly used at the entrances of buildings to accommodate level changes from the exterior grade to the interior floor, ramps provide accessibility for wheelchair users, individuals with disabilities, and wheeled equipment.

The maximum slope of a ramp is calculated to provide comfortable and easy access to the building. Low ramp slope ratios will require longer runs, while steeper slopes can have shorter lengths.

Wall mounted ramp handrails are handrails used along any accessible ramp that is comprised of walls on one or either side of the run. Curbs are not required if the walls are continuously connected to the ramp surface. Inner handrails on a switchback or turned ramp must always be continuous. When handrails are attached to a wall, an offset gap of at least 1. Drawings include: Ramp Guardrails - Wall Mounted Handrails side elevation, section, side wheelchair usersection wheelchair user.

A ramp is comprised of horizontal sloped runs connected by level landings between runs. Any slope greater than and less than along an accessible route shall be considered a ramp that is required to comply with ADA accessibility codes and compliances.

The least possible slope should be used whenever possible. The inner handrail of a switchback ramp must remain continuous. Straight run ramps are accessible ramps designed without any changes in direction along the accessible route. Requiring landings at both the top and bottom of the ramp run, straight run ramp landings must maintain widths that are at least the dimension of the ramp runs connected to it. Utility ramp handrails are common all-in-one safety components used along any accessible ramp that typically provide user assistance and protection from falling off a ramp.

As free-standing elements, utliity handrails must double as both an assistive handrail and a guardrail that prevents users from accessing the edge of the ramp. The ends of any handrail should be rounded or returned smoothly to the floor, wall, or post.

ramp dimensions

Drawings include: Ramp Guardrails - Utility Handrails side elevation, section, side wheelchair usersection wheelchair user. A comprehensive reference database of dimensioned drawings documenting the standard measurements and sizes of the everyday objects and spaces that make up our world. Browse Tags Compare About Categories. X Login. Browse Tags Convert About.

Humans Animals Plants. Furniture Fixtures Layouts Buildings. Transport Sports Digital Pop Culture. Common Questions.There are many regulations and calculations that go into designing an ADA ramp, but the ramp landing size is commonly miscalculated because the door size, door swing, and ramp approach are often not considered. View our typical ADA ramp layouts that comply with the landing requirements and maneuvering clearances.

Add 12 inches if closer and latch are provided. Add 6 inches if closer and latch are provided. Beyond hinge side. Add 6 inches if closer is provided. Landings are required at the top and bottom of each ramp run. Ramp landings cannot have a slope greater than The ramp landing width should be as wide as the widest ramp run leading to the landing. For example, if you have an 8-foot wide ramp section that leads into a landing and then continues onto a 6-foot wide ramp section, the platform must be at least 8 feet wide.

The minimum landing width between handrails is 36 inches. The minimum ramp landing length is 60 inches. If the ramp changes direction at a landing, the landing must have 60 inches clear width and 60 inches clear length. It does not matter if the ramp sections are narrower than 60 inches. If the ramp sections are wider than 60 inches, then the ramp landing must be as wide as the ramp section and at least 60 inches long. When the ramp changes direction at a landing, the handrails cannot intrude on the 60 inches by 60 inches landing area.

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When the landing is adjacent to a door, it must meet the minimum dimensions as stated above AND the maneuvering clearances depicted below. In summary, the handrails can impede on the minimum landing dimensions, but not the maneuvering clearances.

Maneuvering Clearances at Doorways. View: entire ramp layouts. Warehouse Positions Office Positions.

Wheelchair Ramp Building Specs

Helpful Links. Start typing and press Enter to search.Many new building projects must have a handicap ramp, or wheelchair ramp, that meets the minimum requirements of the Americans with Disabilities Act ADA. These ramps provide safe access to users with wheelchairs or walkers and are also helpful for people with strollers.

The primary ADA guidelines for ramps involve the ramp slope and length, landing size and placement, and handrail construction. In addition to ADA requirements, the local building code may impose additional or substitute requirements that must be followed in the given jurisdiction. As defined by the ADA, a ramp is a sloping route constructed with a slope greater than one inch of vertical rise for every 20 inches of horizontal length, or run and must conform to the standard ADA specifications for ramps.

When a handicap ramp has a rise greater than six inches or a horizontal projection greater than 72 inches, the ramp must have handrails on both sides. However, handrails are not required on curb ramps.

How to Build a Wheelchair Ramp

Specific guidelines for ADA-compliant ramps include:. While the maximum slope allowed by ADA guidelines isthe ADA recommends a more gradual slope of towhenever possible. A ratio is too steep for some people to navigate, and a lower slope may be required for some public buildings. Construction Gov't Requirements. Full Bio Follow Linkedin. Juan Rodriguez is a former writer with The Balance who covered large-scale construction.

He is an engineer with experience managing and overseeing large civil works construction. Read The Balance's editorial policies. Ramps may have a maximum slope of Ramps must be a minimum of 36 inches wide. Some areas require wider ramps. All edges must be protected to keep anyone from slipping off. All ramps shall have top and bottom landings as wide as the ramp itself and at least 60 inches long. Landing size must be at least five feet square.

Ramps must have handrails on both sides if their rise is greater than 6 inches or their length is greater than 72 inches.


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